THE OTHER FARMERS’ MARKET

Thinking about planning your garden for the summer? Consider planting a little extra to sell at the Healthy By Design Gardeners’ Market.

The Healthy By Design Gardeners’ Market is a community market held Thursdays, the 2nd week in June through the first week of October, 4:30-6:30 pm at South Park (Intersection of S. 28th Street and 6th Avenue S.).

The goal of the Gardeners’ Market is to provide an outlet for consumers to purchase fresh, healthy, local and affordable produce and eggs, as well as provide a place for local gardeners and farmers to directly sell their produce. The market is also a social meeting place to celebrate health and nutrition in the community.

The environment is relaxed and social with lots of educational activities for children as well as adults. There isn’t a vendor fee, we just ask that vendors reflect the savings in the price charged for produce, and there is no commitment that you need to be at every market.

If you have questions or would like to consider this opportunity contact Maia Dickerson, market@healthybydesignyellowstone.org or 406-651-6403 and she will put you on the contact list for vendor updates and May training!

By Maia Dickerson

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~Featured Master Gardener ~ Pat Morrison

Energy Creates Energy

I visited Pat Morrison on a frigidly cold day in January, when the snow was up to our hips. Pat’s driveway, though, was shoveled, spotless. I assumed a service did it for her, but she does her own snow removal and gardening at the age of 84. The snow blower helps, and she handles mowing, too, in summers. With an energetic step needed to main-tain her yard and keep up with her new puppy, Pippin, Pat’s bright, inquisitive eyes shared her gardening experiences.

She started gardening “when I was born,” she reports, chuckling. Her mother was her primary influence in what is more than a hobby to Pat. She grew up in Portland, Ore-gon, a moister region than here (and few are not), so her main challenge in Montana is dryness. Pat often waters houseplants twice a week.

I had trouble seeing her yard for the snow but soon discovered that the gigantic snow mound in the front is actually a berm that her daughter, Billings Master Gardener Joann Glasser, helped her build. Pat’s favorite plants are flowers, and they abound in her home. She keeps a poinsettia thriving after three years, and her Christmas cactus was blooming. She successfully winters geraniums, after trimming them in the fall, and African violets pro-liferate under her guidance. Pat’s flower repertoire even extends to silks. Her kitchen/ dining area feels more like a greenhouse than an eatery, and I doubt she staged it. This spring I hope to pop out to her home in the Heights to see the iris that was her mom’s, which qualifies as “heritage” from where I sit.

However, Pat is not limited to flowers and enjoys nurturing cucumbers, strawberries, and tomatoes, although she no longer cans. She recalls, from her childhood, taking produce to a canning factory in Oregon. I asked about rabbits eating her strawberries, as they do in my neighborhood, and she praised the local fox who keeps the rabbit population in check. Her area seems urban for a fox, but, after all, this is Montana!

Her advice for new gardeners is Be Patient. Be Patient… Be patient, the kind needed for raising children, and she and her husband raised four. Joann became a Master Gardener before her mother. Pat is in her sixth year as a Master Gardener, helping at the Moss Mansion in the spring plus Metra in summers, when not working her own yard. She has participated at the zoo. With her wise perspective of time, Pat values long-range planning in public places.

Her favorite aspect of the Master Gardeners’ program is, succinctly yet potently stated, fun! We are so lucky to have her on board. I don’t know how she schedules it all, considering she’s a mall walker in winter, thanks to her Nissan Rogue that she claims walks through snow, and walks her dog twice a day when snow is not on the ground. In addition, Pat volunteers every day at the Senior Center at the Methodist church in the Heights. I needed a nap just thinking about what all Pat does! I heard through the grapevine that Pat brings baked goods to many group MG events, and not store-bought but homemade, pies, cookies, and sometimes cakes. She will forever be in our hearts for this! Wow, WonderWoman. Now we can better understand where Joann gets her drive.

By Bess Lovec

gloxiniaPat sent the photo of her gloxinia bloom. It looks like a nice specimen for the Flower Show.

 

New Leadership: Dara Palmer

On a late summer day, I met with Dara Palmer and her partner to discuss her new leadership role as Montana Master Gardener Coordinator. Since Dara worked with Toby for six and a half years, the transition seems less daunting, although Toby’s and Dara’s personae and styles are very different. We receive benefits of both! Specific goals and attention to detail excite Dara. As a big thinker, she plans to accomplish lots while in her new role.

MSU photo by Kelly Gorham

Incidentally, ‘Dara’ rhymes with ‘Sara.’ Her new position began this past July. Prior to this achievement, she earned her Horticulture Bachelor’s of Science degree from MSU (Bozeman) and has completed all levels of the MG program. She really knows the nuances. Prior to the position as Toby’s assistant, Dara worked as a landscaper and in a greenhouse for a combined total of 12 years, so her depth of knowledge and experience in gardening reign formidable.

Toby has not left us. He continues to write Mont Guides plus bulletins and serves on the weekly Ag Live PBS television show. In addition, he continues as state Horticultural Specialist, conducts workshops, and is very involved with Heritage Orchards in Montana. When clarifying what he continues to do, I wonder how he managed it before and can even keep track with his various on-going duties! We wish him well in his future numerous endeavors and hope he will stay in contact.

Dara shared lots of information about the Montana MG program. Level 3 did not occur in 2016, but in 2017, 25 people attended. In no particular order, Billings, Great Falls, Helena, and Gallatin County boast the most active associations. Bravo, Billings! Gallatin County did not have a County Extension Agent at the time of this interview. Their former Volunteer Coordinator is none other than Dara. I asked about government cutbacks: Cutbacks will not be for the MG program specifically but rather the Extension as a whole, and the final word on those negotiations were not available at the time of printing. Neither people, the earth nor plants remain static.

Many Level 3 graduates request more continuing education, so she is toying with the notion of a gold designation in the future for those high achievers. To do so would serve the purpose of aligning us with national standards, a goal within sight. Dara considers camaraderie the greatest strength of the program, especially when coordinators from across the state meet. Those connections stem from a deep concern for horticulture, her passion. The fun factor must be front and center, too.

As a personal gardener, ornamentals (perennials, trees, and shrubs) interest her most. She had to replant her first real vegetable garden this past spring due to a cold, wet stretch in Gallatin County. Yet it did yield harvest.

Her greatest challenge with the program? IT improvements. She wants to customize the website so it is more user-friendly. I assured her that it is more user friendly than many websites with which I interface! Next on her to-do list is to write a new Level 2 Handbook, although she recognizes that that calling will take years. She longingly describes fine tuning the curriculum, re-writing exams, and new study guides. Based upon Dara’s intensity, I sense that demands on the students will increase. The expectations will be offset by a student manual which spells out steps, so the process registers as attainable. Food donations need to be standardized across the state, also. And less sweaty t-shirts, ah, an eagerly anticipated relief, will arrive soon.

Welcome, Dara, and let us know how we can help to better improve the program for everyone! We can make Montana more beautiful and healthy, one plant at a time.

Submitted by Bess Lovec

 

Local Gardeners and Master Gardener Steve and Kelly Pottenger

Jim’s Jungle has been a fixture in town for many years. Recently, as current owners, Steve and Kelly Pottenger, sat down with me at the end of a hot day in the fenced nursery location in front of the West Park Shopping Center, a shopper asked Kelly if they still had new plants coming in. With new plants coming in through the middle of June, I agree with the nice lady – even at the end of the planting season when the garden is stuffed full, it’s still hard to stop coming here to buy plants.

The name of this place is actually Potager’s Jungle, but it is hard to bend a great tradition to fit changing times. Potager is an Old English gardening term that these folks would like customers to become accustomed to as they settle in to the location they hope to make permanent. While Steve, Kelly, and their two kids Katie and Skyler bring years of knowledge to the colorful oasis among the pavement and cement along Grand, they are quick to explain that at home the environment is even more challenging to garden. I wanted to know more about that.

Steve told me right off the bat that at home “the water is not good, the soil is not good, the wind is nasty.” Our place does not look like this, he said with a swoop of his hand. While I can relate to those challenges of rural Montana gardening, I couldn’t imagine desolation where this kind of gardener lives. Of course they garden successfully – they figure out what is most hardy for this area when they take the last of the crop home to plant in those rough conditions. The plants that survive there are the toughest,
and prove to be what they recommend to folks next year that will take whatever the Montana summer can dish out. They have hanging baskets of colorful flowers and mix their own soil for pots full of vegetables, which last year they brought in to the sunny south window and enjoyed tomatoes in the living room all winter!
What are their favorite plants? That was hard for them to pin down, but Kelly’s favorite is gaillardia. She did say when she gardened in the Kalispell area she loved the begonias and dahlias, too. They just aren’t as well suited here. Steve enjoys all plants, but perennials in particular. He gardened in Reno for many years before returning to Billings.

Where did they get the willingness to experiment in these harsh Montana conditions? Both Steve and Kelly grew up with gardening dads and even while doing those unloved weeding chores never gave a second thought to the natural ebbs and flows of the backyard landscape. Kelly spoke of an activity at the local YMCA where she was able to introduce kids to their first experience with gardening. Realizing that there are so many kids who don’t grow up with that kind of daily practice made her appreciate what she had learned from her folks. It makes Steve and Kelly happy to encourage people of all ages to get in the backyard and grow things, and they see many younger folks coming to buy plants to produce their own home-grown food.

They are teaching new generations side by side with their own kids. Katie and Skyler are learning all aspects of the nursery business and have integral parts in the family operation. Steve says Katie is great at the till, and Skyler is a very reliable ‘yard’ man, helping customers and keeping the area running smoothly. They are also learning to practice safety – Kelly and Steve make sure everyone that works in the nursery use good gardening habits: stay hydrated, have access to shade and takes breaks in a cool, protected environment, and be mindful of using good tools and proper clothing.

Steve told me that one of the things he wants his fellow Master Gardeners here to know is how grateful he and Kelly are for their help on Saturdays in May. Handing out the leaflets with gardening tips and taking the time to have conversations with beginning gardeners is a wonderful treat for their customers, and they love to see people become even more interested and confident with the insight from the Master Gardeners who help out there. I let them know that as a Master Gardener I appreciate their business and having access to vibrant healthy plant materials delivered with a smile and thanked them for a lively interview!

Submitted by Corinna Sinclair

GARDENING IN THE 18TH CENTURY

It’s mid-June and the spring planting rush is over. Thank heavens for all of the resources we have at our fingertips—from nurseries, seed catalogs, the library, and the internet to our own Master Gardeners’ private cache and network.

Such a plethora begs the question of how people got their gardening information before the modern advantages we all enjoy.

Plants and information moved much more slowly but I think you might be surprised at the variety available to people living in a four-mile-an-hour world in which most people seldom left their counties. Here are three examples.

William Faris, a silversmith, clockmaker and avid gardener, lived in Annapolis, MD across from the state capitol from 1728-1804. Because of his prime location, he had contact with everyone from local slaves to the governor and he discussed gardening and traded seeds with anyone he could. He was, in fact, the hub of a very democratic gardening network. In addition, because Annapolis was an international port, Faris had early information of which ships arrived from where and what plants, seeds and people they carried. He had access to seeds and plants from around the world. Luckily for us, Faris kept a careful diary of his gardening, including sketches of his garden layout and the plants he and his slave cultivated. You can read more about Faris in Gardens and Gardening in the Chesapeake, 1700-1805 (Baltimore, 1998) by Barbara Wells Sarudy.
Also, read her excellent blog about all things gardening in early America at this link:
https://americangardenhistory.blogspot.com.

Charles Carroll, Barrister, lived in Annapolis at the same time as William Faris and surely knew him. As a young man, Carroll decided to build a country house on the Patapsco River, in what is now Baltimore, on land he owned and on which was an
iron mine. A wealthy bachelor, Carroll planned a showpiece plantation, Mount Clare, that included an extensive orchard, a kitchen garden and a greenhouse (in which he and his wife later grew pineapples.) If he got seeds from William Faris, he did not make note of it. Rather, many of the varieties of fruit trees and vegetables he grew at Mt. Clare came directly from England. It was a slow process but Carroll wanted to do everything according to the latest standards of the time. The process began when Carroll shipped iron from his mine to London. He sent with the captain a very long shopping list of all the fruit trees, vegetable seeds and latest gardening manual he wanted the captain to bring with him on his return to Maryland. Dozens of varieties were available to him. Three months later when the captain arrived in London, he handed the list over to Carroll’s agent in London who did the shopping and delivered the plants, seeds and book to the ship. That may have taken several months. It was at least a three-month journey back to Mt. Clare and the condition of the plants depended completely on the diligence of the captain in seeing that they were watered and protected from the sea weather. Many of the plants must have survived the trip because the grounds of Mount Clare were well-known once they were established. For pictures of Mount Clare, see 
http://www.mountclare.org/.


John Bartram (1699-1777), a Philadelphia Quaker and botanist, traveled up and down the eastern colonies collecting native American plant species in the early part of the eighteenth century. He took them back to Philadelphia and established a plant nursery. In addition, he began to collect seeds, plants and knowledge from correspondents, many of whom were in England. Bartram’s Garden became the first plant nursery in the colonies and had customers from the colonies as well as England. In 1765, King George III named Bartram his “Royal Botanist”. Bartram’s son, William, also a naturalist and plant explorer, ran the family nursery after his father’s passing. After 1810, John Bartram’s granddaughter, Ann Bartram Carr and her husband, Robert, took over and expanded the gardens. At one point, they offered 1400 native species and over 1000
exotic plants to their customers. The gardens closed for business in 1850. Luckily for us, though, the gardens were preserved, first privately and now as a public historic site. You can learn more about Bartram’s Gardens at
https://bartramsgarden.org/about/history/horticulture/.

To my knowledge, no one has made a comparison of the species and varieties available to early Americans and those available to us today. I suspect that they would find that while we enjoy a wide number of genera native to many parts of the globe we have
lost what people in the past had—a smaller number of genera and a larger number of species and varieties. It gives one pause.


Submitted by Trudy Eden

MASTER GARDENER VOLUNTEER HOUR REWARDS

Congratulations to the following Master Gardeners for giving so much of your time to the Master Gardener program:

200 Hours – County Pin Reward
Jerry Dalton
Linda Brewer
Nan Grant

600 Hours – $50 Reward
Bob Short
Tom Kress
Vonnie Bell

400 Hours – $25 Reward
AnnaMarie Linneweber
Joyce Hendricks
Shelley Thurmond

1600 Hours – $150 Reward
Sharon Wetsch

2000 Hours – $200 reward
Julie Halverson

Keep plugging those hours in on mtmastergardener.org and you too can be on this list.
If anyone is having trouble finding the right fit for volunteering, give me a call and we will work on it.

Submitted by Amy Grandpre – 256-2821